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Posted on April 20th, 2015, by

Stem cell research: the failure of bioethics by Don Marquis In recent years the issue of human embryonic stem cell (hereafter HESC) research has engendered fierce debate. Some object to HESC research because they say it involves taking a human life. Others argue that its prospective benefits are so huge that not to pursue it would be immoral. It is unreasonable to think that such a controversy will be resolved by journalists or politicians or, for that matter, by patients who hope for a cure from some dreadful disease. However, it does seem reasonable that practitioners of academic bioetbics should be able to help us clarify this issue. Presumably academics have the proper interests and education to think clearly about […]

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Posted on April 20th, 2015, by

Of muscles and mania by Eleanor Grant Intrigued when two men with no history of mental illness had to be hospitalized for psychotic episodes while taking steroids, psychiatrists Harrison G. Pope Jr. and David L. Katz wondered whether there might be a connection. They recruited 41 steroid-using bodybuilders and athletes from Boston- and Los Angeles-area gyms and interviewed the 39 men and two women exhaustively about their lives. Of those interviewed, 12 percent reported overtly psychotic symptoms. One man heard nonexistent voices for five weeks; another was convinced that his friends were robbing him blind. Another 10 percent described symptoms the researchers call “subthreshold psychotic.” One bodybuilder, for example, was convinced that he could fall from a third-floor window without […]

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Posted on April 20th, 2015, by

Surrogacy: all the features of a relationship that could go wrong?   by Helen Szoke   AUSTRALIAN EXPERIENCE OF THE REGULATION OF SURROGACY The first IVF baby was born in Australia in 1980. However, before IVF technology became common practice, donor insemination had been used as a means of addressing male infertility. Although its use dates back to the 1950’s within hospital settings, it was not until 1987 that the Fatally Law Act (Cth) 1975 was amended to recognise the social parent in donor procedures as the legal parent, thus severing the legal relationship between the biological parent and the child. State governments reflected this change in their own legislation (2). Ironically these changes had the effect of further exacerbating […]

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Posted on April 20th, 2015, by

A user’s guide to proposals to replace the U.S. tax system and strangle fiscal policy by Neil H. Buchanan     The Flat Tax Taxes on labor income provide a different angle on taxing people, rather than machines. The most famous of these is the Flat Tax. A fiat tax applies only to labor income (wages and salaries) and does not tax personal income from property (interest, dividends, or capital gains). On the business side, taxes are levied on net cash flow, i.e., business revenue after subtracting all expenses for wages, benefits, and investment. This effectively means that all investment spending is fully expensed, that is, 100 percent depreciated and deducted in the year that it is incurred. The tax […]

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Posted on April 20th, 2015, by

Should Congress decide the future of the tobacco industry by John McCain , Robert A. Levy The measure was developed in cooperation with the attorneys general, representatives of the public -health sector and the Clinton administration. It contains the six major initiatives experts say must be jointly undertaken if we are to cure the pediatric epidemic of tobacco use. These elements include: (1) advertising restrictions to eliminate marketing appeals to youth; (2) higher cigarette prices to deter underage consumption; (3) aggressive youth-smoking reduction targets and industry penalties for nonattainment; (4) stronger enforcement of youth tobacco-access rules; (5) public disclosure, oversight and regulation of cigarette ingredients; and (6) industry payments to compensate for smoking-related medical costs and to finance smoking prevention, […]

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